Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.
Anthropocene – the geological age in which humanity has the dominant influence on climate and the environment – is here. Given humanity’s unique ability to influence Earth’s natural processes, and the fact that material consumption of natural resources is increasing, particularly within Eastern Asia, sustainable consumption and production need to be integrated into national and sectoral plans, sustainable business practices and consumer behavior.
Sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” and net welfare gains from economic activities can increase by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution while increasing quality of life. In order to achieve this, supply chains need to involve all stakeholders – from producer to final consumer – in establishing practices that preserve natural resources, reduce pollution and waste and educating consumers on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing them with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement.