Domestic violence including physical and sexual assault is still prevalent globally. Between 2005 to 2016 for 87 countries, 19 per cent of women between 15 and 49 years of age said they had experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner in the previous 12 months. In the most extreme cases, such violence can lead to death. In 2012, almost half of all women who were victims of intentional homicide worldwide were killed by an intimate partner or family member, compared to 6 per cent of male victims.
Child marriage, one of the most prevalent forms of child abuse, is declining, but not fast enough. In 2015, just over 1 in 4 women globally said they were married before the age of 18. The harmful practice of female genital mutilation/cutting has declined by 24 per cent since around 2000, but remains high in certain countries. More than 1 in 3 girls living in these regions have undergone this procedure, frequently against their will.
Sexual coercion from partners is another important indicator of gender equality, and just over half (52 per cent) of women between 15 and 49 years of age who are married or in union make their own decisions about consensual sexual relations and use of contraceptives and health services. This data is from 2012 for 45 countries, 43 of which are in developing regions.